Management of Chylous Ascites After Laparoscopic Nephrectomy for Living Kidney Donor: A Case Report and Literature Review

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Transplant Proc. 2020 Dec 4:S0041-1345(20)32860-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.10.024. Online ahead of print.


Kidney transplant is currently the elective treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease. Laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) has substantial advantages over open nephrectomy. Chylous ascites (CA) is a rare surgical complication after the LLDN; there are few reports in the literature. We present a case report of a 58-year-old woman who started CA on the 21st day post operation. The recommended initial therapeutic approach to suspend the fat in the diet and place percutaneous drainage was not enough. It was decided to jointly introduce fasting and total parenteral nutrition with the administration of octreotide, resolving the complication completely in 15 days with no need for the patient to undergo surgery. The conservative management, during the first 4 to 8 weeks after the diagnosis is the best option. Surgery is generally recommended if conservative management fails. The prevalence of CA varied between 0% and 6.2% of LLDNs. In our experience of 87 LLDNs, we only presented 1.15% for this complication. There are 62 cases reported in the international literature. The mean presentation was 14 days after LLDN. All patients underwent conservative treatment, and only 15 patients (24%) went to surgery after the failure of conservative management. It would be highly useful, considering the disparity of the prevalence, if the bibliographic reports detail what hemostatic and sealing techniques are used in an LLDN. In this way it would be possible to identify which factor affects a complication like this one.

PMID:33288311 | DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.10.024

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